Hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults: the structure of pathogens and new features of etiological diagnosis


DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18565/pharmateca.2019.5.39-46

Yu.A. Yanovich (1), S.A. Rachina (1), M.V. Sukhorukova (2), Yu.A. Savochkina (3), M.V. Vatsik (4), A.A. Petrov (4)

1) Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia; 2) Smolensk State Medical University, Smolensk, Russia; 3) Center for Strategic Planning and Management of Biomedical Health Risks, Moscow, Russia; 4) V.V. Vinogradov City Clinical Hospital, Moscow, Russia
Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is one of the most common infections associated with medical care. Due to the high prevalence of polyresistant, extreme resistant and panresistant bacteria, the choice of empirical antimicrobial therapy for HAP is a significant problem. The article highlights the etiological structure of HAP in adults, presents the main trends of antibiotic resistance among nosocomial pathogens in the Russian Federation, discusses modern methods of HAP etiological diagnosis, including promising areas based on nucleic acid amplification methods.

About the Autors


Corresponding author: Svetlana A. Rachina, MD, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Smolensk State Medical University, Smolensk, Russia; e-mail: svetlana.ratchina@antibiotic.ru
Address: 28, Krupskaya Street, Smolensk 214019, Russian Federation


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