Эрибулин – новый микротрубочковый ингибитор для лечения метастатического рака молочной железы


М.Б. Стенина

Отделение клинической фармакологии и химиотерапии ФГБУ «РОНЦ им. Н.Н. Блохина» РАМН, Москва
Согласно современным рекомендациям, не существует какого-либо единого стандарта лечения пациенток с метастатическим раком молочной железы (РМЖ), ранее получавших терапию. Эрибулина мезилат недавно был одобрен в России для лечения больных местно-распространенным или метастатическим РМЖ, у которых прогрессирование наступало после применения минимум двух режимов химиотерапии, которую назначали по поводу распространенного заболевания и включавшей антрациклины и таксаны. Благодаря уникальному механизму действия эрибулин, возможно, обладает более высокой, чем другие ингибиторы микротрубочек, противоопухолевой активностью, а также потенциалом преодоления химиорезистентности, являющейся существенной клинической проблемой. Одобрение эрибулина Европейским агентством по лекарственным средствам в 2011 г. было основано на результатах исследования III фазы EMBRACE – первого исследования, в котором было продемонстрировано значительное увеличение выживаемости больных распространенным РМЖ, ранее получавших антрациклины и таксаны. Кроме того, данные, полученные в исследовании 301, подтверждают целесообразность применения эрибулина у женщин с меньшим стажем лечения, чем у участников исследования EMBRACE. Результаты субанализов данных, полученных в этих исследованиях, также указывают на то, что в отдельных группах пациенток, в т. ч. для лиц, имеющих тройной отрицательный фенотип опухоли, влияние эрибулина на общую выживаемость может быть более выраженным, чем в общей популяции пациенток. Наряду с преимуществами в эффективности эрибулин обладает хорошей переносимостью, клинически приемлемым и контролируемым профилем побочных эффектов. В данном обзоре приводится описание эрибулина, включая его механизм действия и ключевые данные об эффективности и безопасности, полученные в исследованиях III фазы.

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Об авторах / Для корреспонденции


Стенина Марина Борисовна, доктор медицинских наук, ведущий научный сотрудник отделения клинической фармакологии и химиотерапии, ФГБУ «РОНЦ им. Н.Н.Блохина» РАМН, Москва


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