THE USE OF MUSCLE RELAXANTS IN COMPLEX REHABILITATION OF CHILDREN WITH SPASTIC-DYSKINETIC FORMS OF CEREBRAL PALSY


O.N. Berdina, V.I. Mikhnovich, T.A. Belogorova, S.E. Bolshakova, L.V. Rychkova

FSPSI “Scientific Center for Family Health and Human Reproduction Problems”, Irkutsk
The article considers the mechanisms of action of two muscle relaxants – botulinum toxin type A (BoTN-A) and baclofen, and analyzes their effectiveness in complex rehabilitation of children with spastic-dyskinetic forms of infantile cerebral palsy (ICP). It was noted that BoTN-A is the most effective drug for correcting motor disorders in this category of patients. The following conclusion is made: in complex rehabilitation, muscle relaxants of peripheral (BTTA) and central (baclofen) actions can have a positive effect on the development of motor functions in children with spastic-dyskinetic forms of cerebral palsy; however, the use of botulinotherapy allows accelerating the formation of motor skills, improving coordination and posture, and preventing occurrence of secondary biomechanical complications in severe motor disorders.

About the Autors


Corresponding author: O.N. Berdina – PhD, Leading Researcher at the Laboratory of Pediatrics and Neurophysiology FSPSI «Scientific Center for Family Health and Human Reproduction Problems», Irkutsk; tel. 8 (3952) 20-76-36; e-mail: goodnight_84@mail.ru


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