The history of the development of telemedicine. Modern information and communication technologies in medicine


M.A. Ufimtseva, K.I. Nikolaeva, D.S. Zhunisova, Yu.M. Bochkarev, A.S. Shubina

Ural State Medical University, Department of Dermatovenereology and Life Safety, Yekaterinburg, Russia
The article provides an overview of the foreign and domestic literature on the development of telemedicine in the world. R. Mark was the first to use the term “telemedicine” in his work “The Telemedicine System: The Missing Connection Between Home and Hospital” in 1974. However, the provision of medical care at a distance existed long before that time. Also, individual telemedicine tools have been used for more than 100 years since the introduction into practice of such types of telecommunications as telegraph, radio, telephone, television, computer networks, and the Internet. The researchers note that there are difficulties with the availability of medical care to the population in various countries, especially in remote rural areas. In this regard, telemedicine consultations are an actual alternative.
Keywords: telemedicine, information and communication technologies, remote consulting, Internet

About the Autors

Corresponding author: Dinara S. Zhunisova, Assistant of the Department of Dermatovenereology and Life Safety, Ural State Medical University, Ekaterinburg, Russia; 
Address: 3 Repin St., Yekaterinburg 620028, Russian Federation

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