S.B. Krutikhina (1), Yu.V. Zolotarev (1), A.V. Gorelov (1, 2)

1) I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow; 2) Central Research Institute of Epidemiology, Moscow
Acute intestinal infections (AIIs) occupy a significant place in the structure of infectious diseases in children. In recent years, there has been a steady trend towards an increase in the incidence rate of AIIs in the Russian Federation. Currently, diarrheal viruses are the main cause of AIIS in children. Assessment of severity of AIIS takes into account the dehydration severity, the degree of lesions of the gastrointestinal tract and intoxication. It is extremely important to evaluate the degree of dehydration and timely initiation of oral rehydration therapy, which requires the use of low osmolar glucose-saline solutions. An important component of AII therapy is a rational diet that is appropriate for the child’s age, the nature of the concomitant diseases and the type of feeding.
Keywords: acute intestinal infections, rehydration therapy, children

About the Autors

Corresponding author: S.B. Krutikhina – Teaching Assistant at the Department of Children Diseases, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), University Children’s Clinical Hospital, Moscow, Russia; e-mail:

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