VOICE DISORDERS OF VOICES IN PERSONS OF VOICE-SPEECH PROFESSIONS: CAUSES AND WAYS OF CORRECTION
E.Yu. Radtsig (1), M.A. Varavina (1), A.N. Radtsig (1), V.V. Angelkova (2)
1) Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia;
2) Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Sofia, Bulgaria
Background. The urgency of the problem of voice disorders in persons of voice-speech professions (doctors, educators, psycho-logists) is in no doubt. The voice quality for them is one of the components of successful work, so early detection of its violation can prevent the transition of the existing disorder into a chronic/recurrent form and prevent the occurrence of subsequent problems with the use of voice in professional activity. Objective: to determine the frequency of voice disorders among persons of the voice-speech professions, the most common factors provoking voice disorders among the persons of this group, the relationship of voice quality with the health status and stress level, and the readiness of the population to seek medical help in the case of the development of voice disorders. Methods. A questionnaire was developed and posted on the Internet, and was offered to respond to everyone interested. The answers were analyzed and processed using methods of simple variation statistics. The survey involved 307 people, including 250 (81.4%) residents of the Russian Federation and 57 (18.6%) residents of other countries. Results. Recurrent voice problems were noted by 2% of the Russian respondents and 1.8% of foreigners; frequent (monthly – several times a month) – in 1.2-3.6% of Russians, 0–1.8% of foreigners. Overall, 6.9% of women, women in Russia and other countries, and 4% of men (4.1% for Russians and 3.9% for foreigners) were found to have frequent voice disorders. The most common causes of the voice disorders were infectious and inflammatory diseases (91 people, 62.3%), which correlates with the cold weather in countries where the overwhelming majority of the respondents live); the second most frequent cause was a sharp increase in the load on the voice apparatus (screams at concerts, sports competitions, amateur singing – 33 people, 22.6%); the next – long conversations or public speaking (12 people, 8.2%). Conclusion. The causes of dysphonia can be different, and only endoscopic examination of the larynx will allow to assess the condition of its structures, the features of phonation, diagnose and prescribe treatment (if necessary). Also, representatives of voice-speech professions should not neglect the elimination of factors that provoke violation of voice, issues of its hygiene and improvement techniques for successful and full-fledged professional activity.
Keywords: voice disorders, voice-speech professions, Homeovox
About the Autors
Corresponding author: E.Yu. Radtsig – MD, Prof., RNRMU n.a N.I. Pirogov, Moscow, Russia; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org