ACUTE BRONCHITIS: ETIOLOGY, CLINICAL PICTURE, ALGORITHM FOR DIAGNOSIS, AND ISSUES OF THERAPY


DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18565/pharmateca.2018.3.5-10

I.V. Leshchenko

Ural State Medical University, Yekaterinburg, Russia
The article is devoted to acute bronchitis (AB), and considers the issues of etiology, and discusses the clinical and epidemiological features of the disease depending on the AB etiologic factor. Possible causes of prolonged cough in patients with various diseases are presented, which are extremely important in the diagnosis of AB, taking into account that AB is the diagnosis of exclusion. In this connection, the algorithm for diagnosis of AB will be useful for the practicing physician. The final part of the article reflects issues of non-pharmacological and drug therapy. It is emphasized that antibacterial therapy is necessary only for signs of bacterial infection, in this case the leading place is occupied by macrolides, in particular azithromycin.
Keywords: acute bronchitis, cough, antibacterial therapy, azithromycin

About the Autors


Corresponding author: I.V. Leschenko – MD, Prof. at the Department of Phthisiology and Pulmonology of Ural State Medical University, Yekaterinburg, Russia; e-mail: leshchenkoiv@mail.ru


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