RECOMMENDATIONS ON NUTRITION AND LIFESTYLE FOR PATIENTS WITH NON-ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE
V.V. Tsukanov, A.V. Vasyutin, Yu.L. Tonkikh
Federal Research Center “Krasnoyarsk Scientific Center” of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FRC KSC SB RAS), Scientific Research Institute of Medical Problems of the North (SRI MPN), Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Analysis of current data suggests that lifestyle modification and weight reduction are the first line of therapy of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). For the treatment of NAFLD, it is recommended to reduce the caloric content of the diet (decrease by 500–1000 kcal per day in comparison with the usual regimen), to increase the number of products containing ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (seafood) in the ration, and decrease the proportion of refined carbohydrates; systematic mid-intensity physical exercises and overall increase in physical activity, body weight reduction by 7–10% of the initial values in case of overweight are also recommended. The change in behavioral stereotypes that should contribute to the formation of a healthy lifestyle is of fundamental importance.
Keywords: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, lifestyle, nutrition, physical exercises, body weight reduction
About the Autors
Corresponding author: V.V. Tsukanov – MD, Prof., Head of the Clinical Department of the Pathology of the Digestive System in Adults and Children FRC KSC SB RAS, SRI MPN, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org